In contrast, the International Passenger Survey (IPS) non-EU student immigration estimate decreased in the year ending September 2016. Also in 2019, EU countries granted protection to 295,800 asylum seekers, down from 333,400 in 2018, which was almost 40% lower than in 2017 (533,000). They cover regulated movements of foreigners as well as free movement migration. In 2005, the European Commission relaunched the debate on the need for a common set of rules for the admission of economic migrants with a Green paper on an EU approach to managing economic migration (COM(2004) 811 final) which led to the adoption of a policy plan on legal migration (COM(2005) 669 final) at the end of 2005. An analysis by previous residence reveals that Luxembourg reported the largest share of immigrants coming from another EU-27 Member State (93 % of its total number of immigrants in 2018), followed by Slovakia (65 %) and Austria (62 %); relatively low shares were reported by Spain (19 % of all immigrants), as well as Italy and Slovenia (both 20 %) — see Table 3. If an asylum seeker lodges once more an application in the same country after any period of time, (s)he is not considered again a first-time applicant. Germany: the largest number of immigrants and emigrants. A high proportion of foreign citizens (10 % or more of the resident population) was also observed in Cyprus, Malta, Austria, Estonia, Latvia, Ireland, Belgium, Germany and Spain. Since 2008 the collection of migration and international protection data has been based on Regulation 862/2007 and the analysis and composition of the EU, EFTA and candidate countries groups as of 1 January of the reference year are given in the implementing Regulation 351/2010. Although EU Member States may continue to use any appropriate data sources according to national availability and practice, the statistics collected under the Regulation must be based on common definitions and concepts. Foreign population made of non-EU-27 citizens in most EU-27 Member States. Romanian, Polish, Italian and Portuguese citizens were the four biggest groups of EU-27 citizens living in other EU-27 Member States in 2019 (see Figure 7). The cookie is used to calculate visitor, session, campaign data and keep track of site usage for the site's analytics report. Besides policies to encourage labour recruitment, immigration policy is often focused on two areas: preventing unauthorised migration and the illegal employment of migrants who are not permitted to work, as well as promoting the integration of immigrants into society. Population of the UK by country of birth and nationality, July 2018 to June 2019. Please enable Strictly Necessary Cookies first so that we can save your preferences! Given modern technology and the fact that it is now easier to travel, freedom of movement allows Europeans to expand their horizons beyond national borders, to leave their country for shorter or longer periods, to come and go between EU countries to work, study and train, to travel for business or for leisure, or to shop across borders. The next highest levels of acquisition of citizenship were in Italy (112.5 thousand), France (110.0 thousand), Spain (90.8 thousand) and Sweden (63.8 thousand). As such, citizens of non-member countries accounted for 84 % of all persons who acquired citizenship of an EU-27 Member State in 2018. This defines a core set of statistics on international migration flows, population stocks of foreigners, the acquisition of citizenship, residence permits, asylum and measures against illegal entry and stay. However, these total figures do not represent the migration flows to/from the EU-27 as a whole, since they also include flows between … The number of Venezuelans rose by nearly 40 times in 2019 compared to 2018. This statistic shows development of the foreign-born population in the European Union as of 2018. A total of 3.9 million people immigrated to one of the EU-27 Member States during 2018, while 2.6 million emigrants were reported to have left an EU-27 Member State. This page was last modified on 16 November 2020, at 10:42. Population Statistics. Some countries use mirror statistics, sample surveys or estimation methods to produce migration statistics. In order to bring about the changes agreed upon, the European Commission enacted an action plan implementing the Stockholm programme – delivering an area of freedom, security and justice for Europe’s citizens (COM(2010) 171 final) in 2010. This means that in most EU-27 Member States, the majority of non-nationals were citizens of non-EU-27 countries (see Table 5). Member States and EFTA countries by inclusion/exclusion of asylum seekers and refugees in the data on population reported to Eurostat in the framework of the Unified Demographic data collection Reference Year 2018, Note: Norway (Asylum seekers and refugees without residence permit are not included), Member States and EFTA countries by inclusion/exclusion of asylum seekers and refugees in the data on migration reported to Eurostat in the framework of the Unified Demographic data collection Reference Year 2018, Note: Norway (Asylum seekers and refugees without residence permit are not included); Ireland (Refugees who do not live in a private household are not included). Two other issues of the Demographic Yearbook, published respectively in 1985 and 1994 , include a limited number of tables pertaining to international arrivals and departures. Current news. These were the only EU-27 Member States where national immigration accounted for more than half of the total number of immigrants — see Figure 3. As of 2019, the number of international migrants worldwide stood at almost 272 million (or 3.5 percent of the world’s population), according to UN Population Division estimates. In absolute terms, the highest decreases compared with 2017 were observed in Italy, as 34 100 less residents were granted Italian citizenship, followed by Greece (-6 400), Sweden (-5 100), Denmark (-4 400) and France (-4 300). The majority of Turks (59 %) received German citizenship, and around half of the Brazilians received Italian citizenship (46 %). However, these total figures do not represent the migration flows to/from the EU-27 as a whole, since they also include flows between different EU-27 Member States. If you disable this cookie, we will not be able to save your preferences. Definition of Foreign-born participation rates. One commonly used indicator is the ‘naturalisation rate’, defined here as the ratio between the total number of citizenships granted and the stock of non-national residents at the beginning of the same year. Some of the most important legal texts adopted in the area of immigration include: Legislative documents - European Agenda on Migration, Press material - European Agenda on Migration. The net migration rate indicates the contribution of migration to the overall level of population change. Agglomeration level. Significant resources have been mobilised to fight people smuggling and trafficking networks in the EU. Within the European Commission, the Directorate-General for Migration and Home Affairs is responsible for the European migration policy. This statistic shows the number of accepted first instance asylum applications in some of the European countries in 2018, broken down by country. Regular immigration: the EU is competent to lay down the conditions governing entry into and legal residence in a Member State, including for the purposes of family reunification, for third-country nationals. On the 16th of October 2019, the Commission published [1] on the implementation of the European Agenda on Migration, focusing on key steps required on the Mediterranean routes in particular, as well as actions to consolidate the EU’s toolbox on migration, borders and asylum. It provides an overview of the main legal and policy developments taking place across the EU as a whole and within participating countries. By clicking Accept you are consenting to the use of them. An analysis of the age structure of the population shows that, for the EU-27 as a whole, the foreign population was younger than the national population. All; OECD (37) European Union (27) Euro Area (19) G7; G20; None; Time. Foreign citizens are younger than nationals. Migration flows: Immigration to the EU-27 from non-member countries was 2.4 million in 2018. To interpret the map (and the following maps) correctly, it is important to understand what immigrant (or foreign-born) means within the context of this study.A person is said to be foreign-born if they reside in a certain country but were not born within the current borders of that country. This domain comprises series of long-term international immigration during the reference year. Keeping this cookie enabled helps us to improve our website. For emigration, the highest rates in 2018 were reported for Luxembourg (23 emigrants per 1 000 persons), Malta (19 emigrants per 1 000 persons), Cyprus (18 emigrants per 1 000 persons), and Romania (12 emigrants per 1 000 persons). In September 2007, the European Commission presented its third annual report on migration and integration (COM(2007) 512 final). This briefing reports data on bilateral migrant stocks from within the EU: that is, the number of people from each of the 27 countries which form the EU who are living in another EU country. These new EU-27 citizens were mainly from Africa (28 % of the total number of citizenships acquired), Europe outside of the EU-27 (25 %), Asia (16 %) as well as North and South America (14 %). The cookies store information anonymously and assign a randomly generated number to identify unique visitors. In Luxembourg and Hungary the majority of new citizenships granted were to citizens of another EU-27 Member State. By contrast, in Luxembourg, national immigration represented no more than 5 % of their total immigration in 2018. In July 2006, the European Commission adopted a Communication on policy priorities in the fight against illegal immigration of third-country nationals (COM(2006) 402 final), which aims to strike a balance between security and an individuals’ basic rights during all stages of the illegal immigration process. EU-27 Member States granted citizenship to 672 thousand persons in 2018. On the 4th of December 2018, the Commission published a progress report on the implementation of the European Agenda on Migration, examining progress made and shortcomings in the implementation of the European Agenda on Migration. This cookie is installed by Google Universal Analytics to throttle the request rate to limit the collection of data on high traffic sites. The European Commission presented a European Agenda on Migration (COM(2015) 240 final) outlining immediate measures to be taken in order to respond to the crisis situation in the Mediterranean as well as steps to be taken in the coming years to better manage migration in all its aspects on 13 May 2015. On 1 January 2019, Belgium, Ireland, Luxembourg, Austria and Slovakia were the EU-27 Member States where non-nationals were mainly citizens of another EU-27 Member State. This article presents European Union (EU) statistics on international migration (flows), number of national and non-national citizens in population ("stocks") and data relating to the acquisition of citizenship. Moving and living freely within the EU is the right most closely associated with EU citizenship. The EU-27 Member State with the highest naturalisation rate in 2018 was Sweden (7.2 acquisitions per 100 non-national residents), followed by Romania and Portugal (with 5.6 and 5.1 acquisitions per 100 non-national residents, respectively). Previous residence: 2.4 million immigrants entered the EU-27 in 2018. Romanians and Poles account for over 30% of foreigners in the EU and EFTA, although the state of immigration differs wildly from country to country. Throughout history, the region has been a central part of global migration systems which its States helped to establish and shape, mainly through mercantilist and colonial expansions. Information on citizenship has often been used to study immigrants with a foreign background. 24 Sep 2018 - 06:46 UTC. The relative share of foreign-borns within the total population was highest in Luxembourg (47 % of the resident population), followed by Cyprus (21 %) and Malta (20 %). The Stockholm programme, adopted by EU heads of state and government in December 2009, set a framework and series of principles for the ongoing development of European policies on justice and home affairs for the period 2010 to 2014; migration-related issues are a central part of this programme. An excess of persons entering the country is referred to as net immigration (e.g., 3.56 migrants/1,000 population); an excess of persons leaving the country as net emigration (e.g., -9.26 migrants/1,000 population). Population projections. Different demographic developments are observed in eastern and western Germany. Spain is the most welcoming EU country for refugees, survey finds A Pew Research Center study of 18 nations says that 86% of Spaniards believe people fleeing violence and war should be accepted in the country. Citizens of EU-27 Member States who acquired citizenship of another EU-27 Member State amounted to 89.6 thousand persons, thus accounting for 13 % of the total. An analysis comparing 2018 immigration and emigration data from the EU-27 Member States (mirror statistics) confirmed that this was true in many countries — as a result, this article focuses on immigration data. In 2019, India, Poland and Pakistan were the top three countries of birth for the foreign-born, accounting respectively for 9%, 9% and 6% of the total (Figure 5). The European migration network annual report on immigration and asylum (2016) was published in April 2017. This cookie is installed by Google Analytics. People in the EU: who are we and how do we live? More precisely, in the 19th and first half of the 20th centuries, E… Germany reported the largest total number of immigrants (893.9 thousand) in 2018, followed by Spain (643.7 thousand), France (386.9 thousand) and Italy (332.3 thousand). Population and Vital Statistics. This website uses Google Analytics to collect anonymous information such as the number of visitors to the site, and the most popular pages. Table 6 presents a summary of the five main groups of foreign citizens and foreign-born populations for the EU-27 Member States, the United Kingdom and EFTA countries (subject to data availability). This means that every time you visit this website you will need to enable or disable cookies again. Migration flows: Immigration to the EU-27 from non-member countries was 2.4 million in 2018, Migrant population: 21.8 million non-EU-27 citizens living in the EU-27 on 1 January 2019, Acquisitions of citizenship: EU-27 Member States granted citizenship to 672 thousand persons in 2018, Migration and migrant population statistics: tables and figures, Green paper on an EU approach to managing economic migration, policy priorities in the fight against illegal immigration of third-country nationals, third annual report on migration and integration, strengthening the global approach to migration: increasing coordination, coherence and synergies, action plan implementing the Stockholm programme – delivering an area of freedom, security and justice for Europe’s citizens, Directorate-General for Migration and Home Affairs, Article 20 Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, Article 21 Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, Article 79 Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, Migrant integration statistics introduced, Population and population change statistics, Residence permits - statistics on first permits issued during the year, EU Member States granted citizenship to over 800 thousand persons in 2017, EU Member States granted citizenship to almost 1 million persons in 2016, EU Member States granted citizenship to fewer persons in 2015, Foreign citizens accounted for fewer than 7% of persons living in the EU Member States in 2014. Alternatively, employers can make the selection so that migrants already have a job upon their arrival. Historically, the relative economic prosperity and political stability of the EU are thought to have exerted a considerable pull effect on immigrants. In May 2013, the European Commission published the ‘EU Citizenship Report 2013’ (COM(2013) 269 final). Europe: Crime Index by Country 2018 Chart: Crime Index Select date: 2020 Mid-Year 2020 2019 Mid-Year 2019 2018 Mid-Year 2018 2017 Mid-Year 2017 2016 Mid-Year 2016 2015 Mid … Definition: This entry includes the figure for the difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). European Union immigration statistics for 2005 was 36,780,404.00, a 24.25% increase from 2000. Highest share of national immigrants for Romania, lowest for Luxembourg. Definitions Some 566.1 thousand citizens of non-member countries residing in an EU-27 Member State acquired EU-27 citizenship in 2018, corresponding to a 5 % decrease with respect to 2017. This incredibly handy map shows the immigrant and emigrant populations by country of origin and destination. This section provides a list of the tables published in the Immigration Statistics release. European Union immigration statistics for 2000 was 29,602,637.00, a 12.55% increase from 1995. 15 October 2018 Migration in 2017: immigration to Germany exceeding emigration by 416,000. In the case of Latvia and Estonia, the proportion of citizens from non-member countries is particularly large due to the high number of recognised non-citizens (mainly former Soviet Union citizens, who are permanently resident in these countries but have not acquired any other citizenship). Until the end of the Second World War, most migration was within and out of Europe. In addition, it may generate mutual economic benefits for businesses and consumers, including those who remain at home, as internal obstacles are steadily removed. However, most “blue” and “red” countries in the map have been losing population for several decades. Acquisition of citizenship data are rounded to the nearest multiple of 5 for Germany on provisional basis for 2018. Try the new automatic translation by clicking on the blue icon “Translate” up in the right corner of the article! Frequently Requested Statistics on Immigrants and Immigration in the United States This feature presents the latest, most sought-after data on immigrants in the United States—by origin, residence, legal status, deportations, languages spoken, and more—in one easy-to-use resource. Country level. People in Barcelona march in support of refugees. Public opinion – Eurobarometer. Foreign-born population (% of total population) in EU Member States as of 1 January 2019: Country % Born in other EU Member State % Born in non-EU country % Total foreign-born population: Luxembourg: 35.0: 11.8: 47.3: Cyprus: 14.2: 7.0: 21.1: Ireland: 12.7: 4.5: 17.2: Malta : 9.8: 10.4: 20.2: Austria : 8.9: 10.6: 19.4: Belgium: 7.9: 9.3: 17.2: Germany: 7.8: 10.2: 17.9: UK: 5.5: 8.7: 14.2: Sweden : 5.5: 13.6: 19.1: … Member States retain the right to determine volumes of admission for people coming from third countries to seek work. The data collected including the number visitors, the source where they have come from, and the pages visited in an anonymous form. Concerning the definitions of age for migration flows, please note that 2018 data concern the respondent’s age reached or age at the end of the reference year for all EU-27 Member States with the exception of Ireland, Greece, Austria, Malta, Romania and Slovenia. Of these, 3.6 million were from countries now in the European Union and 5.9 million were from non-EU countries. Source: Eurostat, First permits by reason, length of validity and citizenship [migr_resfirst], This website uses cookies for its functionality and to analyse how users are engaging with the site. In addition, there were 13.3 million persons living in one of the EU-27 Member States on 1 January 2019 with the citizenship of another EU-27 Member State. 2.4 million immigrants entered the EU-27 from non-EU-27 countries in 2018. Department for Work and Pensions, National Insurance number allocations to adult overseas nationals: January 2002 to September 2019. On 1 January 2019, the median age of the total population of the EU-27 stood at 43.7 years, while it was 29.2 years for immigrants to EU-27 in 2018. By contrast, Luxembourg reported relatively low shares of native-born immigrants, less than 5 % of all immigration in 2018. Data are collected on an annual basis and are supplied to Eurostat by the national statistical authorities of the EU-27 Member States. Source: Eurostat, Population on 1 January by age group, sex and country of birth [migr_pop3ctb], Source: Eurostat, 'Population on 1 January by age group, sex and country of birth', [migr_pop3ctb]. Matters included resettlements and relocations, financial support to Greece and Italy, and facilities for refugees. The Office for National Statistics (ONS) estimate that in 2019, nearly 9.5 million people living in the UK were born abroad, just over 14% of the total population of the UK. Immigration of this kind embodies not only lawbreaking but also unfairness, penalizing those from other countries who wish to live in the United States but abide by the established rules for doing so. Italians are the worst in the EU at over-estimating the proportion of immigrants living in their country, a new report claims. Home Office, Immigration Statistics, year ending September 2019. Before this, detailed statistics on international migration flows and stock were published by the United Nations Statistics Division in two issues of the Demographic Yearbook: 1977 and 1989. Third country nationals living in these countries and migrating to other EU countries are excluded. By contrast, Poland reported low shares of foreign-born, 2 % of its total population on 1 January 2019, followed by Bulgaria (2.5 %), Romania (3.2 %) and Slovakia(3.6 %). Source: Eurostat (online data codes: migr_imm1ctz and migr_pop1ctz), Migration and acquisition of citizenship data. Objectives included enabling refugees to reach Europe through legal and safe pathways, ensuring that relocation responsibility is shared fairly between Member States, integrating migrants at local and regional levels. Highest share of foreign population in Luxembourg, lowest in Romania. Relative to the size of the resident population, Malta recorded the highest rates of immigration in 2018 (55 immigrants per 1 000 persons), followed by Luxembourg (41 immigrants per 1 000 persons) — see Figure 2. On 1 January 2019, the median age of the national population in the EU-27 was 45 years, while the median age of non-nationals living in the EU-27 was 36 years. Historical population data and projections (1950-2060) Population. However, since citizenship can change over the life-time of a person, it is also useful to analyse information by country of birth. Immigrants into EU-27 Member States in 2018 were, on average, much younger than the total population already resident in their country of destination. The report noted that EU citizenship brings new rights and opportunities. Population archives. This websites uses cookies for its functionality and to analyse how users are engaging with the site. On 15th of November 2017, the updated European Agenda on Migration focused on the refugee crisis, a common visa policy, and Schengen. The distribution by age of foreigners shows, compared with nationals, a greater proportion of relatively young working age adults. Álvaro Sánchez. 21.8 million people (4.9 %) of the 446.8 million people living in the EU-27 on 1 January 2019 were non-EU-27 citizens. In these countries as well as in the United Kingdom data concern the respondent's age completed or on their last birthday. Concerning the definitions of age for acquisitions of citizenship, please note that 2018 data concern the respondent’s age reached or at the end of the reference year for all EU-27 Member States with the exception of Germany, Greece, Ireland, Austria, Lithuania, Malta, Romania and Slovenia. European Union immigration statistics for 2010 was 43,696,432.00, a 18.8% increase from 2005. Click here to browse the ONS statistics for yourself. More. In these countries as well as in the United Kingdom data concern the respondent's age completed or on their last birthday. Compared with 2017, the number of Moroccan citizens acquiring citizenship of an EU-27 Member State decreased by 2 %. Migration policies within the EU in relation to citizens of non-member countries are increasingly concerned with attracting a particular migrant profile, often in an attempt to alleviate specific skills shortages. Therefore, an asylum seeker can apply for first time in a given country and afterwards again as first-time applicant in any other country. yearly; quarterly; monthly ; latest data available. The EU-27 aggregates on Population by citizenship data as of 1 January 2019 includes UK in the composition of the EU because EU-27 data is not available for Cyprus and Malta. Gross domestic product (annual) Gross domestic product (quarterly) Composite Leading Indicators. 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